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An alpha-galactosidase gene (AgalB) was cloned from the acidophilic fungus Bispora sp. MEY-1 and expressed in Pichia pastoris. The deduced amino acid sequence showed highest identity (35%) to the alpha-galactosidase from Penicillium simplicissimum, belonging to the glycosyl hydrolase family 27. The purified recombinant alpha-galactosidase (r-AgalB) exhibited optimal activity at pH 3.5 and 55 degrees C, was stable at pH 2.2-8.0, and showed higher hydrolytic activity towards galactomannan polysaccharides (guar gum and locust bean gum) than toward small galacto-oligosaccharides (melibiose, raffinose and stachyose). A synergistic (3-fold) increase in guar gum hydrolysis was observed when beta-mannanase Man5A from Bispora sp. MEY-1 and r-AgalB were combined. Further, an increase in the reaction time from 5h to 12h or increase of the temperature from 37 degrees C to 55 degrees C enhanced guar gum degradation by the enzyme combination. These properties make r-AgalB a good candidate for extensive application in the pulp/paper, food, and feed industries. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Hui Wang, Huiying Luo, Jiang Li, Yingguo Bai, Huoqing Huang, Pengjun Shi, Yunliu Fan, Bin Yao. An alpha-galactosidase from an acidophilic Bispora sp. MEY-1 strain acts synergistically with beta-mannanase. Bioresource technology. 2010 Nov;101(21):8376-82

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PMID: 20591661

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