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Mutations in SETD2 are found in many tumors, including central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Previous work has shown these mutations occur specifically in high grade gliomas of the cerebral hemispheres in pediatric and young adult patients. We investigated SETD2 mutations in a cohort of approximately 640 CNS tumors via next generation sequencing; 23 mutations were detected across 19 primary CNS tumors. Mutations were found in a wide variety of tumors and locations at a broad range of allele frequencies. SETD2 mutations were seen in both low and high grade gliomas as well as non-glial tumors, and occurred in patients greater than 55 years of age, in addition to pediatric and young adult patients. High grade gliomas at first occurrence demonstrated either frameshift/truncating mutations or point mutations at high allele frequencies, whereas recurrent high grade gliomas frequently harbored subclones with point mutations in SETD2 at lower allele frequencies in the setting of higher mutational burdens. Comparison with the TCGA dataset demonstrated consistent findings. Finally, immunohistochemistry showed decreased staining for H3K36me3 in our cohort of SETD2 mutant tumors compared to wildtype controls. Our data further describe the spectrum of tumors in which SETD2 mutations are found and provide a context for interpretation of these mutations in the clinical setting.

Citation

Angela N Viaene, Mariarita Santi, Jason Rosenbaum, Marilyn M Li, Lea F Surrey, MacLean P Nasrallah. SETD2 mutations in primary central nervous system tumors. Acta neuropathologica communications. 2018 Nov 12;6(1):123

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PMID: 30419952

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