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    Complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) provides important information for better understanding of gene rearrangement, molecular evolution and phylogenetic analysis. Here we determined the complete mitogenome sequence of Chiromantes eulimene (Brachyura: Sesarmidae) for the first time. The total length is 15,894 bp and includes 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNAs, two ribosomal RNAs, as well as a putative control region. The genome composition is highly A + T biased (75.5%), and exhibits a negative AT-skew (-0.017) and GC-skew (-0.206). All of the 13 PCGs are initiated by the start codon ATN, with an exception (GTG) in ND1. The typical stop codon (TAA or TAG) is detected in ten PCGs, whereas the remaining three PCGs (COI, COII and Cyt b) terminate by an incomplete T. The gene order in C. eulimene mitogenome was rearranged compared with that of the ancestor of Decapoda. The gene order of F-ND5-H changed to H-F-ND5. Like other sesarmid crabs, the I-Q-M gene cluster in the pancrustacean ground pattern became Q-I-M order in C. eulimene genome. Tandem duplication-random loss model and slipped-strand mispairing mechanism are determined as most likely to explain the observed gene rearrangements. Phylogenetic analysis places all Sesarmidae species into one group. Almost all families except Xanthidae, Gecarcinidae and Homolidae form a monophyletic clade and the polyphyly of Eriphioidea, Ocypodoidea and Grapsoidea is well supported. These results will help to better understand the gene rearrangements and evolutionary position of C. eulimene and lay a foundation for further phylogenetic studies of Brachyura. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Ying Zhang, Li Gong, Xinting Lu, Lihua Jiang, Bingjian Liu, Liqin Liu, Zhenming Lü, Pengfei Li, Xu Zhang. Gene rearrangements in the mitochondrial genome of Chiromantes eulimene (Brachyura: Sesarmidae) and phylogenetic implications for Brachyura. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2020 Nov 01;162:704-714

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    PMID: 32590088

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