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    To investigate the role of autophagy in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced apoptosis of murine odontoblasts. Murine odontoblasts (mDPC-23 cells) were treated with 5 μg/mL LPS for 6, 12 and 24 h, and the changes in cell viability was examined using CCK8 kit and cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining. The changes in the protein levels of LC3, Beclin1, Atg5, AKT, p-AKT, mTOR and p-mTOR were detected using Western blotting. The effect of 3-MA treatment for 24 h on LPS-induced apoptosis of mDPC-23 cells was evaluated by detecting the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3 and Bax using Western blotting. Stimulation with LPS for 6 and 12 h did not cause significant changes in the proliferation or apoptosis of mDPC-23 cells, but LPS treatment for 24 h significantly suppressed cell proliferation (P < 0.05) and promoted cell apoptosis as shown by TUNEL assay (P < 0.05). Stimulation with LPS for 24 significantly increased the expression levels of LC3, Beclin1 and Atg5, decreased the expressions of p-AKT and p-mTOR (P < 0.05), and obviously upregulated the expressions of caspase-3 and Bax (P < 0.05). Treatment with 3-MA markedly lowered caspase-3 and Bax protein expressions in LPS-stimulated cells (P < 0.05). LPS stimulation induces autophagy to promote apoptosis of mDPC-23 cells, and suppression of autophagy attenuates LPS-induced apoptosis. Autophagy may play an important role in the injury of inflamed pulp tissues.

    Citation

    Huacui Xiong, Ke Chen, Meimei Li. Role of autophagy in lipopolysaccharide-induced apoptosis of odontoblasts]. Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University. 2020 Dec 30;40(12):1816-1820

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    PMID: 33380391

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