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    Oroxin B, a flavonoid, is a major bioactive component form Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. with enormous anti-hepatoma effects. To data, the oroxin B metabolism studies remain underexplored. This study was designed to characterize oroxin B metabolism in vivo and in vitro by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Consequently, 30 metabolites in rats, 8 metabolites in liver microsomes and 18 metabolites in intestinal bacteria were identified, and 9 metabolites were recognized by comparison with standards. The biotransformation processes involved ketone, acetylation, loss of C12H20O10, and loss of C6H10O5. And baicalein and oroxin A were generated after loss of C12H20O10, and loss of C6H10O5, respectively, and further went through some other reactions, such as oxidation, methylation, internal hydrolysis, hydrogenation, loss of O, ketone, glycine conjugation, glucuronide conjugation and their composite reactions. The results provide valuable evidence for elucidation the potential mechanism of oroxin B pharmacological action, and offer reasonable guidelines for further investigations of oroxin B safety and efficacy. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Rui Feng, Xiaowei Zhang, Jintuo Yin, Yuqian Zhang, Yinling Ma, Xia Zhang, Lantong Zhang, Deqiang Li. A comprehensive study of the metabolism of flavonoid oroxin B in vivo and in vitro by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. 2021 Apr 15;197:113905

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    PMID: 33636644

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