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    Non-aqueous nano-emulsions (NANEs) are colloidal lipid-based dispersions with nano-sized droplets formed by mixing two immiscible phases, none of which happens to be an aqueous phase. Their ability to incorporate water and oxygen sensitive drugs without any susceptibility to degradation makes them the optimum dosage form for such candidates. In NANEs, polar liquids or polyols replace the aqueous phase while surfactants remain same as used in conventional emulsions. They are a part of the nano-emulsion family albeit with substantial difference in composition and application. The present review provides a brief insight into the strategies of loading water-sensitive drugs into NANEs. Further advancement in these anhydrous systems with the use of solid particulate surfactants in the form of Pickering emulsions is also discussed. NANEs offer a unique platform for delivering water-sensitive drugs by loading them in anhydrous formulation. The biggest advantage of NANEs vis-à-vis the other nano-cargos is that they can also be prepared without using equipment-intensive techniques. However, the use of NANEs in drug delivery is quite limited. Looking at the small number of studies available in this direction, a need for further research in this field is required to explore this delivery system further.


    Arya Kadukkattil Ramanunny, Sachin Kumar Singh, Sheetu Wadhwa, Monica Gulati, Bhupinder Kapoor, Rubiya Khursheed, Gowthamarajan Kuppusamy, Kamal Dua, Harish Dureja, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Niraj Kumar Jha, Piyush Kumar Gupta, Sukriti Vishwas. Overcoming hydrolytic degradation challenges in topical delivery: non-aqueous nano-emulsions. Expert opinion on drug delivery. 2022 Jan;19(1):23-45

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    PMID: 34913772

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