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Aujeszky's disease (AD) is a viral infectious disease caused by Suid herpesvirus 1 (SuHV-1). Vaccination and eradication of AD in domestic pigs is possible using marker vaccines with attenuated or inactivated SuHV-1, or subunit vaccines. However, vaccines with attenuated SuHV-1 have shown to be more potent in inducing strong cell-mediated immune response. The studies have shown that Parapoxvirus ovis, as well as Propionibacterium granulosum with lipopolysacharides (LPS) of Escherichia coli have pronounced immunomodulatory effects and that in combination with the vaccines can induce stronger humoral and cellular immune responses than use of vaccines alone. In our study distribution of peripheral blood T cell subpopulations was analysed after administration of vaccine alone (attenuated SuHV-1), immunostimulators (inactivated Parapoxvirus ovis or combination of an inactivated P. granulosum and detoxified LPS of E. coli) and combinations of vaccine with each immunostimulator to the 12-week old piglets. Throughout the study no significant changes were found in the proportions of γδ and most αβ T cell subpopulations analysed. However, on the seventh day of the study combination of an inactivated P. granulosum and LPS of E. coli with vaccine induced transient but significant increase of the proportions of CD4+CD8α+ and CD4-CD8α+ αβ T cells, that have been strongly associated with early protection of SuHV-1 infected pigs. Our findings indicate that combination of inactivated P. granulosum and detoxified E. coli LPS could be used for enhancement of a cellular immune response induced by vaccines against AD. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Miroslav Andrišić, Irena Žarković, Ksenija Šandor, Anja Vujnović, Eleonora Perak Junaković, Krešo Bendelja, Ana Savić Mlakar, Nada Oršolić, Lidija Šver, Miroslav Benić, Svjetlana Terzić. Effects of immunostimulators of microbial origin on T cells of pigs vaccinated with attenuated vaccine against Aujeszky's disease. Veterinary immunology and immunopathology. 2022 Jan;243:110365

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PMID: 34920287

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