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Netrin-1 is a member of the laminin-like protein family and was initially identified as a potent chemotactic molecule involved in axonal guidance and cell migration during embryonic development. Many studies have focused on the non-neural effects of netrin-1, and the results revealed that netrin-1 may be extensively involved in the regulation of angiogenesis, inflammation, tissue remodeling, and cancer. The pathogenic or protective effect of netrin-1 suggests that it may be a potential therapeutic target in multiple diseases. Netrin-1 plays different roles by interacting with its receptors, such as deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC)/neogenin and the uncoordinated-5 homolog family members (UNC5). Interestingly, contradictory actions in certain physiological pathways serve to highlight its manifold and often opposite effects on numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes. Netrin-1 regulates inflammation and leukocyte infiltration, suggesting roles for netrin-1 in the immune response. In this study, we review recent advances in the understanding of netrin-1 and its receptors in many inflammatory diseases and look forward to the bioavailability of netrin-1 for the future. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Xueli Xia, Zhigang Hu, Shengjun Wang, Kai Yin. Netrin-1: An emerging player in inflammatory diseases. Cytokine & growth factor reviews. 2022 Apr;64:46-56

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PMID: 35082104

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