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Growth of Pseudomonas cepacia (P. multivorans) on serine depended upon induction of a previously undescribed L-serine deaminase distinct from threonine deaminase. Formation of the enzyme was induced during growth on serine, glycine, or threonine. The induction pattern reflected a role of the enzyme in catabolism of these three amino acids. Both threonine and glycine supported growth of serine auxotrophs and were presumably converted to serine and pyruvate in the course of their degradation. Mutant strains deficient in serine deaminase, or unable to use pyruvate as a carbon source, failed to utilize serine or glycine and grew poorly with threonine, whereas strains deficient in threonine dehydrogenase or alpha-amino beta-ketobutyrate:coenzyme A ligase (which together convert threonine to glycine and acetyl coenzyme A) failed to utilize threonine or derepress serine deaminase in the presence of this amino acid. The results confirm for the first time the role of alpha-amin beta-ketobutyrate:coenzyme A ligase in threonine degradation and indicate that threonine does not mimic serine as an inducer of serine deaminase.


H C Wong, T G Lessie. Hydroxy amino acid metabolism in Pseudomonas cepacia: role of L-serine deaminase in dissimilation of serine, glycine, and threonine. Journal of bacteriology. 1979 Oct;140(1):240-5

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PMID: 500557

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