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Isoprenaline, isoetharine, rimiterol, dobutamine and nadolol were investigated as substrates for purified pig-liver catechol-O-methyltransferase using a sensitive spectrophotometric assay. Kinetic parameters, Km and Vmax, were defined and the apparent first-order rate constant (Vmax/Km) was derived. On the basis of the apparent first-order rate constant, rimiterol was found to be a 1.5-fold and dobutamine a 5-fold better substrate for catechol-O-methyltransferase than isoprenaline; isoetharine shows no improvement over isoprenaline. Nadolol is not a substrate for catechol-O-methyltransferase. O-Methylation of isoprenaline- and noradrenaline-enantiomers was found to be stereoselective: catechol-O-methyltransferase shows selectivity towards the laevo (-) isomer with respect to the (+) form or racemic mixture. The investigation indicated stereochemical and steric determinants important in the interaction of catechol-O-methyltransferase with physiologically and clinically important beta-adrenoceptor agents.


M J Raxworthy, I R Youde, P A Gulliver. Catechol-O-methyltransferase: substrate-specificity and stereoselectivity for beta-adrenoceptor agents. Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems. 1986 Jan;16(1):47-52

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PMID: 2868577

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