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Diazoxide (DIAZ), an opener of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) channels (mK(ATP)), protects neurons against hypoxic/ischemic stress in vivo, however, direct evidence showing mitochondrial effects of DIAZ in postischemic neurons is lacking. We investigated if DIAZ affects mitochondrial alterations after global ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in CA1 pyramidal neurons by using oxalate-pyroantimonate electron cytochemistry. Anesthetized piglets were either non-treated, or treated with DIAZ (3 mg/kg, iv), I/R, DIAZ+I/R, or 5-hydroxy-decanoate (5HD)+DIAZ+I/R (n=6, 6, 11, 5, 7, respectively). Ischemia (10 min) was induced by intracranial pressure (ICP) elevation. After 5-30 min of reperfusion, the brains were fixed for ultrastructural studies. Relative volumes of Ca(2+)-containing deposits and mitochondria in CA1 pyramidal cells were determined by point counting on electron micrographs. I/R resulted in maximal increases in mitochondrial volume (from 7.14+/-0.63% to 9.74+/-0.57%*), and Ca(2+) levels (from 5.86+/-1.11% to 11.39+/-1.35%*; mean+/-S.E.M., *p<0.05) at 10-15-min reperfusion time. In this interval, pretreatment with DIAZ virtually abolished mitochondrial swelling (6.88+/-0.49%) and Ca(2+) accumulation (5.15+/-0.82%) evoked by I/R. The protective effect of DIAZ was reduced by 5HD, an inhibitor of mK(ATP), resulting in a calcium accumulation similar to that after IR (10.44+/-1.98%). Thus, DIAZ might preserve mitochondrial integrity in CA1 pyramidal cells after I/R, at least in part mediated by mK(ATP).


Ferenc Domoki, Ferenc Bari, Krisztina Nagy, David W Busija, László Siklós. Diazoxide prevents mitochondrial swelling and Ca2+ accumulation in CA1 pyramidal cells after cerebral ischemia in newborn pigs. Brain research. 2004 Sep 3;1019(1-2):97-104

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PMID: 15306243

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