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The tricyclic antidepressants trimipramine and doxepin, and the neuroleptic agents trifluoperazine and haloperidol were tested for their effect on histamine H2-receptor-mediated adenylate cyclase activity and H+ secretion in guinea-pig parietal cells. All compounds inhibited histamine-stimulated adenylate cyclase and H+ secretion in a concentration-dependent manner. The antisecretory potency was 1-2 orders of magnitude higher than that for adenylate cyclase inhibition. All drugs caused a rightward shift in the concentration-response curves of histamine-induced adenylate cyclase activation with Schild-plot lines having a slope significantly different from unity. Histamine-stimulated H+ secretion was inhibited by the drugs in a noncompetitive fashion. These results demonstrate that antidepressants and neuroleptics interfere noncompetitively with the parietal cell histamine H2-receptor and that this receptor blocking activity is not related to the antisecretory activity of the drugs.


W Beil, H Hannemann, K F Sewing. Interaction of antidepressants and neuroleptics with histamine stimulated parietal cell adenylate cyclase and H+ secretion. Pharmacology. 1988;36(3):198-203

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PMID: 2897127

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