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Bile acids are taken up into liver parenchymal cells by active, carrier-mediated transport. This transport is lost during cell transformation in permanent growing liver tumor cell lines. In order to establish bile acid uptake in a permanent mammalian cell culture system, we transfected the cDNA from the cloned rat liver Na(+)-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (Ntcp) in Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (V79 cells) and in a "hepatocyte-like" cell line HPCT-1F3 with three different gene transfer methods (calcium phosphate precipitation, lipofection, electroporation). A stable integration of the cDNA in both cell genomes was observed. However, in V79 fibroblasts, a permanent functional expression of taurocholate transport was not achieved. The sodium-dependent uptake of taurocholate was expressed permanently only in HPCT-1E3 cells, if the Ntcp was transfected by electroporation. In this cell line (HPCT-1E3-TC-6/2), substrate specificity, sodium- and energy dependence, as well as the kinetic parameters of the transfected single transporter were measured. The sodium-dependent taurocholate uptake was inhibited by addition of non-labeled bile acids, bumetanide, sulfobromophthalein and oligomycin. Pretreatment with 10 mM Na(+)-butyrate of this cell culture for 22 h stimulated taurocholate uptake twofold. Neither butyrate-stimulated cells nor unstimulated cells transport glycocholate or cholate. Besides taurocholate a fluorescence-labeled taurocholate derivative, NBD-taurocholate, was taken up by the HPCT-1E3-TC cells. In conclusion, the specific gene transfer with the electroporation technique in combination with the "right" cell line, HPCT-1E3, has been successful for the permanent and functional expression of the Ntcp. This allowed direct monitoring of the solitary sodium-dependent taurocholate transport system in a "liver cell-like" environment.


H D Platte, W Honscha, K Schuh, E Petzinger. Functional characterization of the hepatic sodium-dependent taurocholate transporter stably transfected into an immortalized liver-derived cell line and V79 fibroblasts. European journal of cell biology. 1996 May;70(1):54-60

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PMID: 8738419

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