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The pregnane X receptor (PXR) mediates the induction of various genes by xenobiotics, including several ATP-binding cassette transporters. PXR is also activated by bile acids likely to prevent their accumulation to toxic levels; however, the role of PXR in the regulation of MRP3, an important bile acid efflux transporter, has not been elucidated. The impact of PXR activators on the hepatic expression of MRP3 was examined in vivo and in vitro. The human hepatoma cell lines HuH7 and HepG2 were treated with PXR activators including clotrimazole, rifampicin, 17beta-hydroxy-11beta-[4-dimethylamino phenyl]-17alpha-[1-propynyl]estra-4,9-dien-3-one (RU486), metyrapone, nifedipine, lithocholic acid, and 5-pregnen-3beta-ol-20-one-16alpha-carbonitrile (PCN). Levels of MRP3 mRNA, as determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, were induced 1.6- to 8-fold in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05). Corresponding decreases in the multidrug resistance-associated protein-dependent cellular retention of 5-carboxyfluorescein were also seen in the treated HuH7 cells. In vivo studies demonstrated increased PXR mRNA and induction of MRP3 mRNA in the livers of wild-type mice treated with the PXR activator RU486. On the other hand, MRP3 induction was not seen in the RU486-treated PXR-null mice. These results suggest that PXR activation may play a role in the regulation of MRP3 expression.


Shirley Teng, Veronika Jekerle, Micheline Piquette-Miller. Induction of ABCC3 (MRP3) by pregnane X receptor activators. Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals. 2003 Nov;31(11):1296-9

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PMID: 14570758

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