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The specific binding of [3H]QNB to rat duodenum smooth muscle membranes was a saturable process and Scatchard transformation of the saturation curves indicated a linear plot (nH = 1.017+/-0.071). The K(D) and Bmax values were 0.168+/-0.025 nM and 46.7+/-8.6 fmol/mg protein, respectively. Analyses of competition curves using pirenzepine and guanylpirenzepine indicated more than one class of binding site. A minor population of muscarinic binding sites showed high affinity (M1) for both pirenzepine (19.3+/-1.2%; pKi = 8.29+/-0.36) and guanylpirenzepine (29.4+/-2.0%; pKi = 7.28+/-0.11). The antagonistic affinity values of pirenzepine and guanylpirenzepine for the remaining low affinity binding sites, and that of methoctramine indicated the presence of both M2 and M3 subtypes. McN-A-343 produced relaxations in rat duodenum and inhibited twitch contractions of rabbit vas deferens induced by electrical stimulation in a concentration dependent manner. Carbachol (Cch) exerted concentration-dependent negative inotropic effect in rat atria and contractile effects in guinea-pig gallbladder and ileum longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus preparation. Imperaline displaced the concentration-response curves to McN-A-343 and Cch to the right in parallel, without affecting the maximum responses in all tissues studied. The rank order of the pA2 values was rabbit vas deferens > rat atria > guinea-pig gallbladder = guinea-pig ileum > rat duodenum. The presynaptic muscarinic receptors at the rat duodenum and rabbit vas deferens were concluded to be of M1 and M4 subtypes, respectively.


H Akbulut, Z Gören, E Iskender, A Eraslan, O Ozdemir, S Oktay. Subtypes of muscarinic receptors in rat duodenum: a comparison with rabbit vas deferens, rat atria, guinea-pig ileum and gallbladder by using imperialine. General pharmacology. 1999 Apr;32(4):505-11

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PMID: 10323493

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