Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

The large T antigen of SV40 (LT) has been widely used to immortalize primary cells for various studies. In this study, synovial fibroblasts of a patient from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were transformed with LT gene to analyze the effect of SV40-mediated transformation on the production of cytokines, such as IL-6, IL-8, and GM-CSF, that are under the control of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), a physiological inducer of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B). It was noted that the basal levels of GM-CSF and IL-8 were upregulated, whereas that of IL-6 was downregulated. Moreover, the extents of induction of these cytokines in response to IL-1 beta were markedly downregulated in synovial fibroblasts transformed by LT as compared from parental cells. Although IL-1 beta could translocate NF-kappa B to the nucleus in all cells, some of the transformed cells exhibited nuclear translocation of NF-kappa B even before the stimulation with IL-1 beta, suggesting that transformation of LT resulted in the constitutive activation of NF-kappa B, either directly or indirectly. In order to examine whether LT downregulate the kappa B-dependent gene expression, we performed the transient luciferase gene expression assay. We found that cotransfection of LT did not downregulate the kappa B-dependent gene expression that was stimulated with L-1 beta. These observations suggest that the apparent inhibitory effect of LT on the IL-1-induced expression of cytokines may not be through its direct action on the NF-kappa B transactivation.


K Asamitsu, S Sakurada, K Mashiba, K Nakagawa, K Torikai, K Onozaki, T Okamoto. Alteration of the cellular response to interleukin-1 beta by SV40 large T antigen in rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts. Archives of virology. 1999;144(2):317-27

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 10470256

View Full Text