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We evaluated the reactivities of sera against p52 and CM2 recombinant antigens of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), coated on microparticles, for the differentiation of primary HCMV infection from an established infection. Two different test formats of the CMV Multiplex Copalis assay were evaluated. The 214 serum samples tested were immunoglobulin M (IgM) positive or equivocal by our reference assay. Reactivities against p52 and CM2 antigens were tested for sera from 37 patients with a well-documented seroconversion within the preceding 3 months (119 serum specimens), 31 patients known to have had a seroconversion at least 8 months earlier (31 serum specimens), and 57 patients without a documented seroconversion (64 serum specimens). The assay had a sensitivity for the detection of a primary infection of 70 or 86% by the first test format and a sensitivity of 88 or 94% by the second test format, according to the criteria used to indicate a primary infection by this test. A good correlation of the results of the assay with our in-house avidity index was found. The specificity of the assay warrants further evaluation. With IgM-positive sera, the assay was not sufficiently specific to make a distinction between a primary infection and an established infection.

Citation

E Nulens, M Bodéus, F Bonelli, A Soleti, P Goubau. Reactivity to p52 and CM2 recombinant proteins in primary human cytomegalovirus infection with a microparticle agglutination assay. Clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology. 2000 Jul;7(4):536-9

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PMID: 10882647

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