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The goal of this investigation was to assess the accuracy of 7'-Z-[125I]iodorotenone (125I-iodorotenone) as a new deposited myocardial flow tracer and compare the results with those for 99mTc-sestamibi. The kinetics of these two flow tracers were evaluated in 25 isolated, erythrocyte- and albumin-perfused rabbit hearts over a flow range relevant to patients. The two flow tracers and a vascular reference tracer (131I-albumin) were introduced simultaneously as a compact bolus through a port just above the aortic cannula in the absence of tracer recirculation. Myocardial extraction, retention, washout, and uptake parameters were computed from the venous outflow curves using the multiple-indicator dilution technique and spectral analysis. The extraction of 125I-iodorotenone was much higher than the extraction of 99mTc-sestamibi (0.84 +/- 0.05 vs. 0.48 +/- 0.10, respectively, P < 0.001). 125I-iodorotenone extraction was also less affected by flow than was 99mTc-sestamibi (P < 0.001). Net retention of 125I-iodorotenone was significantly greater than 99mTc-sestamibi net retention at 1 min (0.77 +/- 0.08 vs. 0.41 +/- 0.11, respectively, P < 0.001) and 26 min (0.46 +/- 0.13 vs. 0.27 +/- 0.11, respectively, P < 0.001) after tracer injection. Flow had less effect on 125I-iodorotenone net retention than on 99mTc-sestamibi net retention 1 min after tracer injection (P < 0.04). However, at 26 min, flow had an equivalent effect on the retention of both flow tracers (P < 0.4). The relationship between 125I-iodorotenone and 99mTc-sestamibi washout was complex and depended on elapsed time after isotope introduction and perfusion rate. Reflecting the favorable extraction and retention characteristics of 125I-iodorotenone, both its maximum myocardial uptake and its 26-min uptake were more closely related to flow than were those of 99mTc-sestamibi (P < 0.001 for both comparisons). The extraction and retention of 125I-iodorotenone were greater than those of 99mTc-sestamibi, making 125I-iodorotenone the superior flow tracer in the isolated rabbit heart.


R C Marshall, P Powers-Risius, B W Reutter, S E Taylor, H F VanBrocklin, R H Huesman, T F Budinger. Kinetic analysis of 125I-iodorotenone as a deposited myocardial flow tracer: comparison with 99mTc-sestamibi. Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine. 2001 Feb;42(2):272-81

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PMID: 11216526

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