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The ability of bis(cyclopentadienyl)-vanadium(IV) (acetylacetonate) (1) to initiate oxygen-dependent lipid peroxidation in zwitterionic liposomal membranes was examined in detail. A comparison of the rates of the lipid peroxidation reaction demonstrated that the electron-donating capacity of the substituted acetylacetonate ligand significantly influences the rate of reaction. An increase in the rate of lipid peroxidation correlated to a decrease in the V(IV)/V(V) redox potential. Notably, lipid peroxidation initiated with 1 proceeded without the formation of radicals as shown by EPR spin trap techniques. In contrast, lipid peroxidation initiated with non-chelated bis(cyclopentadienyl)-vanadium(IV) dichloride (6) was associated with the production of radicals under similar experimental conditions. There also was a significant pH effect on the extent of peroxidation initiated with 6 versus the reaction initiated with 1. The mode of action of 1 likely involves the activation of molecular oxygen by the vanadium(IV) center followed by allylic hydrogen atom abstraction from the lipid.

Citation

A T Kotchevar, P Ghosh, D D DuMez, F M Uckun. Induction of aerobic peroxidation of liposomal membranes by bis(cyclopentadienyl)-vanadium(IV) (acetylacetonate) complexes. Journal of inorganic biochemistry. 2001 Jan 15;83(2-3):151-60

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PMID: 11237254

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