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We demonstrate that "FBr" addition to 1-trityl-4-vinyl-1H-imidazole (7) provides a convenient route to side-chain-fluorinated histamines. Thus, addition of "FBr" to the double bond of 7 occurs with Markovnikov regioselectivity to produce 4-(2-bromo-1-fluoroethyl)-1-trityl-1H-imidazole (8). Substitution with azide, reduction, and removal of the trityl group provide beta-fluorohistamine (1) as the dihydrochloride. Elimination of HBr from 8 followed by a second addition of "FBr" gives 4-(2-bromo-1,1-difluoroethyl)-1-trityl-1H-imidazole (15). This was similarly converted to beta,beta-difluorohistamine (2) as the dihydrochloride.


B Dolensky, K L Kirk. New building blocks for fluorinated imidazole derivatives: preparation of beta-fluoro- and beta,beta-difluorohistamine. The Journal of organic chemistry. 2001 Jun 29;66(13):4687-91

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PMID: 11421793

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