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BAY 38-7271 [(-)-(R)-3-(2-hydroxymethylindanyl-4-oxy)phenyl-4,4,4-trifluoro-1-sulfonate] is a novel, highly potent and selective cannabinoid CB(1)/CB(2) receptor agonist with neuroprotective properties. It was the aim of the present study to further confirm its cannabinoid CB(1) receptor agonist properties in a highly sensitive in vivo assay. Male Wistar rats (n=24) were trained to discriminate BAY 38-7271 (0.05 mg/kg, i.p., t-30 min) from vehicle in a fixed-ratio:10, food-reinforced two-lever standard procedure. The animals acquired the discrimination after a median number of 52 training sessions. BAY 38-7271 generalized dose-dependently when tested after different routes of administration (ED(50): 0.018 mg/kg, i.p.; 0.001 microg/kg, i.v.; 0.18 mg/kg, p.o.). A time-dependency study indicated that the cue (0.05 mg/kg, i.p.) was detectable between 15 min and 4 h, with a maximum of generalization obtained at 30 min after administration. Pretreatment with the selective cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist SR 141716A [N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide hydrochloride] completely antagonized the effects of BAY 38-7271 (ID(50): 1.1 mg/kg, i.p.). Dose-dependent and complete generalization was also obtained after i.p. administration of the reference cannabinoid CB(1) receptor agonists HU-210 [(-)-11-OH-Delta(8)-tetrahydrocannabinol-dimethylheptyl, ED(50): 0.003 mg/kg], CP 55,940 [(-)-cis-3-[2-hydroxy-4(1,1-dimethyl-heptyl)phenyl]-trans-4-(3-hydroxypropyl)cyclohexanol, 0.007 mg/kg], WIN 55,212-2 [(R)-4,5-dihydro-2-methyl-4(4-morpholinylmethyl)-1-(1-naphtalenylcarbonyl)-6H-pyrrolo [3,2,1-ij] quinolin-6-one, 0.28 mg/kg] and (-)-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (0.34 mg/kg). The present study confirms that BAY 38-7271 is a highly potent cannabinoid CB(1) receptor agonist in vivo.


Jean De Vry, Klaus Rüdiger Jentzsch. Discriminative stimulus effects of BAY 38-7271, a novel cannabinoid receptor agonist. European journal of pharmacology. 2002 Dec 20;457(2-3):147-52

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PMID: 12464360

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