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Amino acid-nucleotide conjugates have important biological functions and therapeutic applications. For example, aminoacyl adenylates are key intermediates in aminoacyl tRNA synthetase reactions. They may also be involved in the prebiotic synthesis of polypeptides. Finally, various amino acid carbomethoxy aryl phosphoramidates of nucleotide prodrugs may be activated through a mechanism involving a pentacoordinated phosphorane intermediates. In order to understand better the chemistry of these compounds, a phenylalanyl adenylate pentacoodinated phosphorane has been synthesized in 72% yield and its decomposition in aqueous solution studied. Hydrolysis gave 2('),3(')-O-isopropylidene adenosine 5(')-monophosphate, 2('),3(')-O-isopropylidene adenosine, and phenylalanine. The results provide model chemistry for the enzymatic degradation mechanism of antiviral aryl amino acid phosphodiester amidates in cells, which leads to their activation.


Hua Fu, Bo Han, Yu-Fen Zhao, Guang-Zhong Tu, Li Xu, Qiang Lu, Jing-Zun Wang, Hong-Zhan Xiao. Synthesis and hydrolysis of a phenylalanyl adenylate pentacoordinated phosphorane. Bioorganic chemistry. 2003 Apr;31(2):122-8

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PMID: 12729569

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