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Isoniazid (INH) is easily oxidized with manganese(III) pyrophosphate, a chemical model of the KatG protein involved in activation of INH inside the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Performed in the presence of NAD(+), this oxidation generates a family of isomeric INH-NAD(H) adducts, which have been shown to be effective inhibitors of InhA, an enzyme essential in mycolic acid biosynthesis. In this work, we fully characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy four main species of INH-NAD(H) adducts that coexist in solution. Two of them are open diastereoisomers consisting of the covalent attachment of the isonicotinoyl radical at position four of the nicotinamide coenzyme. The other two result from a cyclization involving the amide group from the nicotinamide and the carbonyl group from the isonicotinoyl radical to give diastereoisomeric hemiamidals. Although an INH-NAD(H) adduct with a 4S configuration has been characterized within the active site of InhA from Xray crystallography and this bound adduct interpreted as an open form (Rozwarski et al., Science 1998, 279, 98-102), it is legitimate to raise the question about the effective active form(s), open or cyclic, of INH-NAD(H) adduct(s). Is there a single active form or are several forms able to inhibit the InhA activity with different levels of inhibitory potency?


Sylvain Broussy, Yannick Coppel, Michel Nguyen, Jean Bernadou, Bernard Meunier. 1H and 13C NMR characterization of hemiamidal isoniazid-NAD(H) adducts as possible inhibitors of InhA reductase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany). 2003 May 9;9(9):2034-8

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PMID: 12740851

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