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The identification of the antigenic stimuli of B-cell neoplasms might be of considerable importance since a causal relationship between these neoplasms and antigenic stimulation has been suggested. To date the identification of such antigens has been erratic and accidental. For a systematic search and molecular characterization of human proteins that are antigenic target structures of myeloma-associated immunoglobulins, we applied SEREX (serological analysis of antigens by recombinant cDNA expression cloning) using a testis cDNA expression library and myeloma proteins from 42 patients. A monoclonal IgA from a female patient was shown to target sperm-specific cylicin II. The specificity of the reaction was confirmed by the characteristic staining of the equatorial belt of human sperm heads by the patient's myeloma protein. Serological analysis of recombinantly expressed cDNAs is a straightforward and high throughput approach for the molecular characterization of the targets of myeloma-associated immunoglobulins. The analysis of the antigenic spectrum of immunoglobulins associated with B-cell neoplasms will provide valuable information for the understanding of the pathogenesis of these diseases.

Citation

X Xie, R Schmits, C Renner, D Preuss, B Kubuschok, M Pfreundschuh. Systematic search and molecular characterization of the antigenic targets of myeloma immunoglobulins: a monoclonal IgA from a female patient targeting sperm-specific cylicin II. Cancer immunity. 2001 Dec 14;1:11

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PMID: 12747772

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