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alpha-Hydrastine and (+/-)-beta-hydrastine were isolated from Corydalis longipes; both exhibited considerable efficacy against spore germination of some saprophytic and phytopathogenic fungi. While (+/-)-alpha-hydrastine was effective against most of the fungi, Helminthosporium echinoclova was least affected even at the highest dose (150 ppm). (+/-)-beta-Hydrastine was equally effective against several fungi. Mixture of both compounds was more effective than each one individually. Helminthosporium species were again the most resistant toward the mixture. The effect of both alkaloids independently on germination and development of E. pisi conidia on excised pea leaves was also shown. After pre-inoculation with (+/-)-alpha-hydrastine, the effect was more pronounced than the addition post-inoculation; maximum inhibition occurred at 200 ppm. (+/-)-beta-Hydrastine also reduced germination of conidia but was less effective than (+/-)-alpha-hydrastine. The number of primary and secondary branches of conidia and number of appressoria were not affected significantly by either compound.


M Goel, U P Singh, R N Jha, V B Pandey, M B Pandey. Individual and combined effect of (+/-)-alpha-hydrastine and (+/-)-beta-hydrastine on spore germination of some fungi. Folia microbiologica. 2003;48(3):363-8

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PMID: 12879748

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