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Copaifera langsdorffii oleo-resin (CLOR) is a reputed herbal medicine used to combat gastrointestinal functional disorders. Our previous studies show that CLOR prevents gastric ulceration and promotes wound healing. This study examined the effects of CLOR on intestinal damage associated with mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion in rat. Wistar albino rats were divided into four groups of six in each. Group 1: Sham operated, Group 2: Vehicle + 45 min of ischemia followed by 60 min reperfusion (I/R), Groups 3 and 4: I/R + CLOR (200 and 400 mg /kg, p.o., respectively). All treatments were given 24 h, 12 h and 2 h before I/R. Animals were sacrificed at the end of reperfusion period and ileal tissue samples were obtained for biochemical analysis. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), an index of polymorphonuclear leukocytes; malondialdehyde (MDA), an end product of lipoperoxidation; catalase (CAT), an antioxidant enzyme; reduced glutathione (GSH), a key antioxidant; and nitrite, a marker of nitric oxide (NO) production were determined in ileum homogenates. The results show that I/R produces a significant increase in MDA content, MPO, and CAT activities with a significant decrease in GSH and an elevation in nitrite production, as compared to sham control. CLOR treatment caused significant attenuations in I/R-associated increases of MPO, MDA and CAT activities and on nitrite level. Besides, CLOR could effectively prevent the I/R-associated depletion of GSH. The data indicate that the oleo-resin has a protective action against I/R-induced intestinal tissue damage, which appeared to be, at least in part, due to an antioxidant and anti-lipid peroxidation mechanism.


L A F Paiva, L A Gurgel, A R Campos, E R Silveira, V S N Rao. Attenuation of ischemia/reperfusion-induced intestinal injury by oleo-resin from Copaifera langsdorffii in rats. Life sciences. 2004 Sep 3;75(16):1979-87

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PMID: 15306165

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