Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs): clinical and pathological features. The gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. With immunohistochemical, electron microscope and molecular examinations they can be clearly distinguished in both their genotype and phenotype from other mesenchymal tumors. GIST tumors express the CD 117 receptor in more than 90% independent of histopathological features and clinical behaviour. This is why it is considered as the most important characteristic. The incidence is 10-20 new cases per 1 million annually. The number of incidents is expected to increase by the establishment of CD117 and other new markers (protein kinase C theta, DOG1). Nowadays the establishment of the expected biological behavior and malignancy can be difficult. The best prognostic factors are the tumor size and the mitotic index. Dominantly, due to the mutation of the c-kit proto-oncogene and PGDFRA gene that the high level tyrosine kinase activity generates resulting uncontrolled proliferation and cell growth. The imatinib mesylate is a selective inhibitor of the KIT tyrosine kinase receptor and it also blocks the activity of the PDGFRA kinase. The therapeutic consequence of this is that the majority of advanced GIST tumors which do not react to conventional radio- and chemotherapy respond well to tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment. As a result, survival and patient's quality of life can significantly improve.


Márta Kovács, Pál Nagy, Gábor Pák, János Fehér. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs): clinical and pathological features]. Orvosi hetilap. 2005 Jun 26;146(26):1375-81

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 16052979

View Full Text