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The effects of single and long-term treatment with theophylline as well as the influence of adenosine A1 receptor agonist cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) and a-adrenergic receptor antagonists prazosin and yohimbine were assessed in the paw pressure test in rats. Both single (37.5 and 75 mg/kg) and long-term (75 mg/kg/day, 14 days i.p.) theophylline treatments exerted antinociceptive effect by increasing the mechanical pain threshold. Single treatment of theophylline (75 mg/kg) antagonized the antinociceptive effect of CPA (0.1 mg/kg); CPA (0.1 mg/kg) abolished the theophylline-induced antinociception. Chronic treatment with theophylline did not change the antinociceptive effect of CPA, while CPA decreased the theophylline antinociception. Yohimbine (0.5 mg/kg), an a 2-adrenoceptor antagonist, diminished the antinociception of a single dose (75 mg/kg) of theophylline, whereas prazocin, an a 1-adrenoceptor antagonist, did not affect it. These results suggest that adenosine A1 and a 2-adrenoceptors take part in the antinociception induced by a single dose of theophylline. The antinociception induced by chronic theophylline treatment probably has a more complex mechanism in which the involvement of adenosine A1.


D M Pechlivanova, V P Georgiev. Effects of single and long-term theophylline treatment on the threshold of mechanical nociception: contribution of adenosine A1 and alpha2-adrenoceptors. Methods and findings in experimental and clinical pharmacology. 2005 Nov;27(9):659-64

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PMID: 16357952

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