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3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) functions as the high-energy sulfate donor for sulfate ester synthesis in all higher organisms. This activated sulfate, like its adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate precursor, is both chemically labile and vulnerable to sulfohydrolase degradation. These obstacles have limited the utility of the native PAPS in the purification and mechanistic description of the numerous PAPS-utilizing enzymes. This paper describes the synthesis of the 2'- and 3'-isomers of a nonhydrolysable, and thus stable, PAPS analog, beta-methylene-PAPS, from the previously described beta-methylene-APS (L. Callahan et al., Anal. Biochem. 177, 67-71, 1989). The method involves phosphorylation of beta-methylene-APS with trimetaphosphate and separation of the resulting mixed 2'(3')-isomers by ion-pair reverse-phase HPLC. The utilization of this analog as an inhibitor of APS kinase and PAPS translocase, two of the numerous PAPS-utilizing activities, as well as an affinity ligand for purification of APS kinase, is described.


K Ng, M D'Souza, L Callahan, D H Geller, A E Kearns, S Lyle, N B Schwartz. Synthesis and utilization of a nonhydrolyzable phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate analog. Analytical biochemistry. 1991 Oct;198(1):60-7

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PMID: 1665019

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