Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Fructosamine-3-kinase (FN3K) is a recently described protein-repair enzyme responsible for the removal of fructosamines, which are the products of a spontaneous reaction of glucose with amines. We show here that, compared with glucose, glucose 6-phosphate (Glu-6-P) reacted 3-6-fold more rapidly with proteins and 8-fold more rapidly with N-alpha-t-Boc-lysine, being therefore a more significant intracellular glycating agent than glucose in skeletal muscle and heart. Fructosamine 6-phosphates, which result from the reaction of amines with Glu-6-P, were not substrates for FN3K. However, a phosphatase that dephosphorylates protein-bound fructosamine 6-phosphates was found to be present in rat tissues. This enzyme was purified to near homogeneity from skeletal muscle and was identified as magnesium-dependent phosphatase-1 (MDP-1), an enzyme of the haloacid dehalogenase family with a putative protein-tyrosine phosphatase function. Human recombinant MDP-1 acted on protein-bound fructosamine 6-phosphates with a catalytic efficiency >10-fold higher than those observed with its next best substrates (arabinose 5-phosphate and free fructoselysine 6-phosphate) and >100-fold higher than with protein-phosphotyrosine. It had no detectable activity on fructosamine 3-phosphates. MDP-1 dephosphorylated up to approximately 75% of the fructosamine 6-phosphates that are present on lysozyme after incubation of this protein with Glu-6-P. Furthermore, lysozyme glycated with Glu-6-P was converted by MDP-1 to a substrate for FN3K. We conclude that MDP-1 may act physiologically in conjunction with FN3K to free proteins from the glycation products derived from Glu-6-P.


Juliette Fortpied, Pushpa Maliekal, Didier Vertommen, Emile Van Schaftingen. Magnesium-dependent phosphatase-1 is a protein-fructosamine-6-phosphatase potentially involved in glycation repair. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2006 Jul 07;281(27):18378-85

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 16670083

View Full Text