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Pharmacokinetic studies of the drugs administered to subjects with mechanical cholestasis are scarce. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of bile duct ligation of 3 days (peak of elevation of serum bile acids and bilirubin) on the systemic and renal PAH clearance and on the expression of cortical renal OAT1 and OAT3 in a rat model. PAH is the prototypical substrate of the renal organic anion transport system. Male Wistar rats underwent a bile duct ligation (BDL rats). Pair-fed sham-operated rats served as controls. BDL rats displayed a significantly lower systemic PAH clearance. Renal studies revealed a reduction in the renal clearance and in the excreted and secreted load of PAH in BDL rats. The OAT1 protein expression in kidney homogenates was not modified, but it decreased in the basolateral membranes from BDL rats. In contrast, OAT3 abundance in both kidney cortex homogenates and in basolateral membranes increased by 3 days after the ligation. Immunocytochemical studies (light microscopic and confocal immunofluorescence microscopic analyses) confirmed the changes in the renal expression of these transport proteins. The present study demonstrates the key role of OAT1 expression in the impaired elimination of PAH after 3 days of obstructive cholestasis.


Anabel Brandoni, Naohiko Anzai, Yoshikatsu Kanai, Hitoshi Endou, Adriana Mónica Torres. Renal elimination of p-aminohippurate (PAH) in response to three days of biliary obstruction in the rat. The role of OAT1 and OAT3. Biochimica et biophysica acta. 2006 Jul;1762(7):673-82

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PMID: 16844357

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