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A series of new pregnane derivatives and its glycosides were synthesized in order to find new 'leads' against some important targets. The 3beta-hydroxy-16alpha-(2-hydroxy ethoxy) pregn-5-en-20-one (5) was synthesized from 3beta-hydroxy-5,16-pregnadiene-20-one (2) by adopting general modified procedure using BF(3):Et(2)O as a catalyst. Reduction of 5, with sodium borohydride yielded 3beta,20beta-dihydroxy-16alpha-(2-hydroxy ethoxy) pregn-5-en (7) as the major isolable product. O-alkylation of the C-20-oxime-pregnadiene (9) with 1,5-dibromopentane yielded 20-(O-5-bromopentyl)-oximino-3beta-hydroxy-pregn-5,16-diene (11). Synthesis of C-16 substituted pregnane glycosides (20) and (21) were accomplished with the imidate method using BF(3):Et(2)O. The synthesis of 4-chlorobenzoate (3) and 2-chlorobenzoate (4), derivatives of 2 were also accomplished. These compounds were evaluated for their anti-dyslipidemic and anti-oxidant activity and amongst them compounds 3 and 7 showed more lipid lowering and anti-oxidant activity.

Citation

Arun Sethi, Atul Maurya, Vibha Tewari, Sanjay Srivastava, Shaheen Faridi, Gitika Bhatia, M M Khan, A K Khanna, J K Saxena. Expeditious and convenient synthesis of pregnanes and its glycosides as potential anti-dyslipidemic and anti-oxidant agents. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry. 2007 Jul 1;15(13):4520-7

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PMID: 17485213

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