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Platelet activating factor (1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine; PAF) acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity has been identified in bovine colostrum and high levels of this activity are found in early colostrum (within 24 h after parturition). In this study, PAF-AH in early colostrum was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, and sequential use of butyl-Toyopearl 650M, DEAE-Sepharose, heparin-Sepharose, hydroxyapatite, chelating-Sepharose and Mono Q HPLC column chromatography. This enzyme is a monomeric polypeptide with a molecular weight of approximately 45 kDa on 12.5% SDS-PAGE. The V(max) and K(m) for PAF-AH were 87.6 microM and 7.96 nmol/min/mg respectively. This enzyme was inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, iodoacetamide and p-bromophenacylbromide, suggesting that both serine and histidine residues are required for enzyme activity. It was not inactivated by NaF or dithiothreitol. The purified enzyme did not degrade phospholipids with a long chain fatty acyl group at the sn-2 position. Accordingly, this enzyme is distinct from phospholipase A(2). In addition, PAF-AH selectively hydrolyzed oxidatively modified phosphatidylcholine. Furthermore, this enzyme was shown by Western blot analysis using antibody to human plasma PAF-AH to be plasma type PAF-AH. These results clearly demonstrate that 45 kDa plasma type PAF-AH activity exists in bovine colostrum.


Tae Chul Moon, So Young Son, Hyeun Wook Chang. Purification and characterization of 45 kDa PAF acetylhydrolase from bovine colostrum. Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin. 2007 Sep;30(9):1668-73

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PMID: 17827718

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