Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

The quaternary ammonium compound N,N'-dodecyl-bispicolinium dibromide (bPiDDB) potently and selectively inhibits nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) mediating nicotine-evoked [(3)H]dopamine release and decreases nicotine self-administration, suggesting that this polar, charged molecule penetrates the blood-brain barrier (BBB). This report focuses on 1) BBB penetration of bPiDDB; 2) the mechanism of permeation; and 3) comparison of bPiDDB to the cations choline and N-octylnicotinium iodide (NONI), both of which are polar, charged molecules that undergo facilitated BBB transport. The BBB permeation of [(3)H]choline, [(3)H]NONI, and [(14)C]bPiDDB was evaluated using in situ rat brain perfusion methods. Cerebrovascular permeability surface-area product (PS) values for [(3)H]choline, [(3)H]NONI, and [(14)C]bPiDDB were comparable (1.33 +/- 0.1, 1.64 +/- 0.15, and 1.3 +/- 0.3 ml/s/g, respectively). To ascertain whether penetration was saturable, unlabeled substrate was added to the perfusion fluid. Unlabeled choline (500 microM) reduced the PS of [(3)H]choline to 0.15 +/- 0.06 microl/s/g (p < 0.01). Likewise, unlabeled bPiDDB (500 microM) reduced the PS of [(14)C]bPiDDB to 0.046 +/- 0.005 microl/s/g (p < 0.01), whereas unlabeled NONI reduced the PS for [(3)H]NONI by approximately 50% to 0.73 +/- 0.31 microl/s/g. The PS of [(14)C]bPiDDB was reduced (p < 0.05) in the presence of 500 microM choline, indicating that the BBB choline transporter may be responsible for the transport of bPiDDB into brain. Saturable kinetic parameters for [(14)C]bPiDDB were similar to those for [(3)H]choline. The current results suggest that bPiDDB uses the BBB choline transporter for approximately 90% of its permeation into brain, and they demonstrate the carrier-mediated BBB penetration of a novel bisquaternary ammonium nAChR antagonist.


Paul R Lockman, Vamshi K Manda, Werner J Geldenhuys, Rajendar K Mittapalli, Fancy Thomas, Zaineb Fadhel Albayati, Peter A Crooks, Linda P Dwoskin, David D Allen. Carrier-mediated transport of the quaternary ammonium neuronal nicotinic receptor antagonist n,n'-dodecylbispicolinium dibromide at the blood-brain barrier. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics. 2008 Jan;324(1):244-50

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 17921191

View Full Text