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We demonstrate two-dimensional multiplexed real-time, label-free antibody-antigen binding assays by optically detecting nanoscale motions of two-dimensional arrays of microcantilever beams. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) was assayed using antibodies covalently bound to one surface of the cantilevers by two different surface chemistries, while the nonreaction surfaces were passivated by poly(ethylene glycol)-silane. PSA as low as 1 ng/mL was detected while 2 mg/microl of bovine serum albumin induced only negligible deflection on the cantilevers.


Min Yue, Jeanne C Stachowiak, Henry Lin, Ram Datar, Richard Cote, Arun Majumdar. Label-free protein recognition two-dimensional array using nanomechanical sensors. Nano letters. 2008 Feb;8(2):520-4

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PMID: 18179277

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