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We report the case of a 10 month-old girl presenting with multiple intracranial tuberculomas associated with partial status epilepticus and cerebrovascular accident in the left sylvian territory. She later developed paradoxical enlargement of the tuberculomas during antituberculous treatment and severe neurological sequelae with refractory infantile spasms. The development of infantile spasms in this context is particularly remarkable, and this case is illustrative of the complex interrelationship between intracranial lesions, partial status epilepticus, and infantile spasms. It also highlights the difficult diagnosis of cerebral tuberculomas in infants and further supports the need for continued vigilance in industrialized countries.

Citation

Catherine Zorn-Olexa, Vincent Laugel, Anne de Saint Martin, Lionel Donato, Michel Fischbach. Multiple intracranial tuberculomas associated with partial status epilepticus and refractory infantile spasms. Journal of child neurology. 2008 Apr;23(4):459-62

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PMID: 18401037

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