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To evaluate image quality by examining segmentation accuracy and assess radiation dose for cone beam CT (CBCT) scanners. A skull phantom, scanned by a laser scanner, and a contrast phantom were used to evaluate segmentation accuracy. The contrast phantom consisted of a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cylinder with cylindrical inserts of air, bone and PMMA. The phantoms were scanned on the (1) Accuitomo 3D, (2) MercuRay, (3) NewTom 3G, (4) i-CAT and (5) Sensation 16. The structures were segmented with an optimal threshold. Thicknesses of the bone of the mandible and the diameter of the cylinders in the contrast phantom were measured across lines at corresponding places in the CT image vs a ground truth. The accuracy was in the 95th percentile of the difference between corresponding measurements. The correlation between accuracy in skull and contrast phantom was calculated. The radiation dose was assessed by DPI(100,c) (dose profile integral (100,c)) at the central hole of a CT dose index (CTDI) phantom. The results for the DPI(100,c) were 107 mGy mm for (1), 1569 mGy mm for (2), 446 mGy mm for (3), 249 mGy mm for (4) and 1090 mGy mm for (5). The segmentations in the contrast phantom were submillimeter accurate in all scanners. The segmentation accuracy of the mandible was 2.9 mm for (1), 4.2 mm for (2), 3.4 mm for (3), 1.0 mm for (4) and 1.2 mm for (5). The correlation between measurements in the contrast and skull phantom was below 0.37 mm. The best radiation dose vs image quality was found for the i-CAT.


M Loubele, R Jacobs, F Maes, K Denis, S White, W Coudyzer, I Lambrichts, D van Steenberghe, P Suetens. Image quality vs radiation dose of four cone beam computed tomography scanners. Dento maxillo facial radiology. 2008 Sep;37(6):309-18

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PMID: 18757715

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