Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The maintenance of a good level of vision is desirable for developmental and social reasons; it is also a requirement that should not be overlooked in the clinical research environment. This study set out to quantify and analyse any difference between 'habitual' (pre-sight test) and 'optimal' (post-refraction) distance visual acuity in an optometric population. It is intended that the outcome of this work will inform not only clinicians but also those undertaking vision research. Binocular logMAR visual acuity was determined at 6 m before and after optometric intervention in patients attending optometric practice for a routine sight test. Cases were recorded seriatim but restricted to the 'core' refraction range representative of typical optometric practice; three further exemption criteria included subject illiteracy, the necessity for a non-standard test distance and contact lens wear. Over a 12-month period, two-thirds of patients examined satisfied the study inclusion criteria; it is the clinical data of these 1288 individuals that are described and analysed here. These data provide a quantitative demonstration that an optometric intervention will most likely improve the habitual distance visual acuity of subjects, irrespective of gender, age group, time interval since last test, refractive status and whether or not the subject is a habitual spectacle wearer. The improvement found was typically within one logMAR chart line (<5 letters), being greatest in spectacle-wearing teenagers and in individuals beyond retirement age (increasing to eight letters in elderly habitual non-spectacle wearers); also in non-wearers who left an interval of 2 years or more between sight tests. Clinical and laboratory-based investigators are advised that a current and optimal refractive correction should be worn by subjects of all ages enrolled in vision-related studies. Refractive defocus may introduce or exaggerate test outcome variability.


Jonathan S Pointer. Habitual vs optimal distance visual acuity. Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists). 2008 Sep;28(5):457-66

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

PMID: 18761483

View Full Text