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We have previously found that the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) carries GPI-anchored protein releasing activity (GPIase) as well as dipeptidase activity. Testicular ACE (tACE), the male germinal specific isozyme, plays a crucial role in male fertilization. The amino-terminal region of this isozyme is different from that of somatic isozyme (sACE) and contains potential O-linked glycosylation sites. By multiple mutagenesis after an in silico prediction, amino acid residues acquiring O-glycans were assigned. Both GPIase and dipeptidase activities were compared between O-glycan null mutant and wild-type molecules, but no differences were found. Furthermore, the wild-type tACE was produced in two different cells (COS7 and CHO) and its activities compared. The GPIase activity, but not dipeptidase, was apparently higher for CHO-derived molecule than COS7. Sensitivity to neuraminidase and O-glycosidase digestions and the profile of glycosylation were quite different between these two molecules. Moreover, serial digestions with neuraminidase and O-glycosidase have no influence on GPIase activity of both molecules, suggesting that the sialylation and the presence of O-glycan has no influence on tACE enzyme activities, while the set of glycans modulate GPIase activity.

Citation

Gen Kondoh, Hitomi Watanabe, Yuko Tashima, Yusuke Maeda, Taroh Kinoshita. Testicular Angiotensin-converting enzyme with different glycan modification: characterization on glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein releasing and dipeptidase activities. Journal of biochemistry. 2009 Jan;145(1):115-21

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PMID: 18984627

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