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In Part 2 of this series of DFT optimization studies of alpha-maltotetraose, we present results at the B3LYP/6-311++G** level of theory for conformations denoted 'band-flips' and 'kinks'. Recent experimental X-ray studies have found examples of amylose fragments with conformations distorted from the usual syn forms, and it was of interest to examine these novel structural motifs by the same high-level DFT methods used in Part 1. As in Part 1, we have examined numerous hydroxymethyl rotamers (gg, gt, and tg) at different locations in the residue sequence, and include the two hydroxyl rotamers, the clockwise 'c' and counterclockwise 'r' forms. A total of fifty conformations were calculated and energy differences were found to attempt to identify those sources of electronic energy that dictate stressed amylose conformations. Most stressed conformations were found to have relative energies considerably greater (i.e., approximately 4 to 12 kcal/mol) than the lowest energy syn forms. Relative energy differences between 'c' and 'r' forms are somewhat mixed with some stressed conformations being 'c' favored and some 'r' favored, with the lowest energy 'kink' form being an all-gg-r conformation with the 'kink' in the bc glycosidic dihedral angles. Comparison of our calculated structures with experimental results shows very close correspondence in dihedral angles.


Udo Schnupf, J L Willett, Frank A Momany. DFT conformation and energies of amylose fragments at atomic resolution. Part 2: 'Band-flip' and 'kink' forms of alpha-maltotetraose. Carbohydrate research. 2009 Feb 17;344(3):374-83

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PMID: 19111748

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