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The purpose of this study is to assess the change of uveoscleral outflow induced by moxonidine and to investigate whether the increase of uveoscleral outflow induced by moxonidine is mediated by alpha1, alpha2, or I1 receptors. 0.05% moxonidine was topically and unilaterally administered in rabbit eyes with or without pretreatment of prazosin, yohimbine, efaroxan, or AGN 192403, as indicated. We injected fluorescein isothiocyanate-bovine serum albumin (FITC-BSA) into the anterior chamber and observed the fluorescence intensity of the uveoscleral outflow. Finally, the volume of uveoscleral outflow was calculated based on the fluorescence intensities captured. A bilateral increase of fluorescence intensity was observed along the uveoscleral outflow pathway following moxonidine administration, especially in the ciliary body and supraciliochoroidal space. Pretreatment with prazosin further enhanced the bilateral increase of fluorescence intensity at between 2 and 4 hours after moxonidine administration. The response of moxonidine was antagonized by either yohimbine, an alpha2 receptor antagonist, or efaroxan, an I1/alpha2 receptor antagonist. The antagonizing effect of yohimbine was more potent than that of efaroxan. The moxonidne-induced response was not antagonized by AGN 192403, an I1 receptor antagonist. The bilateral volumes of aqueous humor within the uveoscleral pathway increased significantly induced by moxonidine (p < 0.01 versus control). The increased bilateral volumes of uveoscleral outflow were 0.381 +/- 0.073 and 0.376 +/- 0.095 mu l/min, respectively. These results suggest that topical, unilateral administration of moxonidine causes a bilateral increase of aqueous humor via the uveoscleral outflow pathway. The moxonidine-induced increase of uveoscleral outflow is mediated by alpha2 adrenergic receptors, not by I1 imidazoline receptors.


Jiangang Yang, Naixue Sun, Quanchen Xiong, Rui Yang. Effect of moxonidine on the uveoscleral outflow: role of alpha2-adrenoceptors or i1 imidazoline receptors. Current eye research. 2009 Apr;34(4):287-96

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PMID: 19373577

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