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Addition of H(2)O(2) (0.5 mM) to Ehrlich ascites tumor cells under isotonic conditions results in a substantial (22 +/- 1%) reduction in cell volume within 25 min. The cell shrinkage is paralleled by net loss of K(+), which was significant within 8 min, whereas no concomitant increase in the K(+) or Cl(-) conductances could be observed. The H(2)O(2)-induced cell shrinkage was unaffected by the presence of clofilium and clotrimazole, which blocks volume-sensitive and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels, respectively, and is unaffected by a raise in extracellular K(+) concentration to a value that eliminates the electrochemical driving force for K(+). On the other hand, the H(2)O(2)-induced cell shrinkage was impaired in the presence of the KCl cotransport inhibitor (dihydro-indenyl)oxyalkanoic acid (DIOA), following substitution of NO(3)(-) for Cl(-), and when the driving force for KCl cotransport was omitted. It is suggested that H(2)O(2) activates electroneutral KCl cotransport in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells and not K(+) and Cl(-) channels. Addition of H(2)O(2) to hypotonically exposed cells accelerates the regulatory volume decrease and the concomitant net loss of K(+), whereas no additional increase in the K(+) and Cl(-) conductance was observed. The effect of H(2)O(2) on cell volume was blocked by the serine-threonine phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A, indicating an important role of serine-threonine phosphorylation in the H(2)O(2)-mediated activation of KCl cotransport in Ehrlich cells. In contrast, addition of H(2)O(2) to adherent cells, e.g., Ehrlich Lettré ascites cells, a subtype of the Ehrlich ascites tumor cells, and NIH3T3 mouse fibroblasts increased the K(+) and Cl(-) conductances after hypotonic cell swelling. Hence, H(2)O(2) induces KCl cotransport or K(+) and Cl(-) channels in nonadherent and adherent cells, respectively.

Citation

Ian Henry Lambert, Thomas Kjaer Klausen, Andreas Bergdahl, Charlotte Hougaard, Else Kay Hoffmann. ROS activate KCl cotransport in nonadherent Ehrlich ascites cells but K+ and Cl- channels in adherent Ehrlich Lettré and NIH3T3 cells. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology. 2009 Jul;297(1):C198-206

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PMID: 19419998

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