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Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathways promote human keratinocyte survival and proliferation. In contrast, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathways are strongly anti-proliferative. Receptor type protein tyrosine phosphatase-kappa (RPTP-kappa) specifically dephosphorylates EGFR, thereby blocking EGFR-dependent signaling, and inhibiting proliferation. We report here that RPTP-kappa mediates functional integration of EGFR and TGF-beta signaling pathways in human keratinocytes. TGF-beta up-regulates RPTP-kappa mRNA and protein, in a dose and time dependent manner. Induction of RPTP-kappa by TGF-beta significantly decreases basal and EGF-stimulated EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation. shRNA-mediated reduction of TGF-beta-induced RPTP-kappa significantly attenuates the ability of TGF-beta to inhibit proliferation. RPTP-kappa induction is dependent on activation of transcription factors Smad3 and Smad4. Inhibition of TGF-beta receptor kinase completely prevents induction of RPTP-kappa. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays reveal that TGF-beta stimulates Smad3 and Smad4 binding to RPTP-kappa gene promoter. Smad3/4 binding is localized to an 186-base pair region, which contains a consensus Smad3-binding element. These data describe a novel mechanism of cross-talk between EGFR and TGF-beta pathways, in which RPTP-kappa functions to integrate growth-promoting and growth-inhibiting signaling pathways.

Citation

Yiru Xu, Dustin Baker, TaiHao Quan, Joseph J Baldassare, John J Voorhees, Gary J Fisher. Receptor type protein tyrosine phosphatase-kappa mediates cross-talk between transforming growth factor-beta and epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathways in human keratinocytes. Molecular biology of the cell. 2010 Jan 1;21(1):29-35

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PMID: 19864455

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