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The cytosine analogue of neplanocin A, cyclopentenylcytosine (CPE-C, 3), has significant antitumor and antiviral activity commensurate with the drug's ability to produce a significant depletion of cytidine triphosphate (CTP) levels that result from the potent inhibition of cytidine triphosphate synthetase. Another important antitumor agent, previously identified as a potent inhibitor of the same enzyme, is 3-deazauridine (2). The synthesis of the cyclopentenyl nucleosides 3-deaza-CPE-C (5) and 3-deaza-CPE-U (6) was undertaken in order to investigate the effects of a modified 3-deaza pyrimidine aglycon moiety on the biological activity of the parent CPE-C. These compounds were synthesized via an SN2 displacement reaction on cyclopenten-1-ol methanesulfonate (10) by the sodium salt of the corresponding aglycon. In each case, separation and characterization of the corresponding N- and O-alkylated products was necessary before final removal of the blocking groups. The target compounds were devoid of in vitro antiviral activity against the HSV-1 and human influenza viruses. Although 3-deaza-CPE-C was nontoxic to L1210 cells in culture, 3-deaza-CPE-U displayed significant cytotoxicity against murine L1210 leukemia in vitro.


R R Copp, V E Marquez. Synthesis of two cyclopentenyl-3-deazapyrimidine carbocyclic nucleosides related to cytidine and uridine. Journal of medicinal chemistry. 1991 Jan;34(1):208-12

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PMID: 1992119

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