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Cholecystokinin (CCK) plays a role in the short-term inhibition of food intake. Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptide has been observed in neurons of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). It has been reported that intracerebroventricular injection of CART peptide inhibits food intake in rodents. The aim of the study was to determine whether intraperitoneally (ip) injected CCK-8S affects neuronal activity of PVN-CART neurons. Ad libitum fed male Sprague-Dawley rats received 6 or 10 microg/kg CCK-8S or 0.15M NaCl ip (n=4/group). The number of c-Fos-immunoreactive neurons was determined in the PVN, arcuate nucleus (ARC), and the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). CCK-8S dose-dependently increased the number of c-Fos-immunoreactive neurons in the PVN (mean+/-SEM: 102+/-6 vs. 150+/-5 neurons/section, p<0.05) and compared to vehicle treated rats (18+/-7, p<0.05 vs. 6 and 10 microg/kg CCK-8S). CCK-8S at both doses induced an increase in the number of c-Fos-immunoreactive neurons in the NTS (65+/-13, p<0.05, and 182+/-16, p<0.05). No effect on the number of c-Fos neurons was observed in the ARC. Immunostaining for CART and c-Fos revealed a dose-dependent increase of activated CART neurons (19+/-3 vs. 29+/-7; p<0.05), only few activated CART neuron were observed in the vehicle group (1+/-0). The present observation shows that CCK-8S injected ip induces an increase in neuronal activity in PVN-CART neurons and suggests that CART neurons in the PVN may play a role in the mediation of peripheral CCK-8S's anorexigenic effects. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Lisa Peter, Andreas Stengel, Steffen Noetzel, Tobias Inhoff, Miriam Goebel, Yvette Taché, Rüdiger W Veh, Norbert Bannert, Carsten Grötzinger, Bertram Wiedenmann, Burghard F Klapp, Hubert Mönnikes, Peter Kobelt. Peripherally injected CCK-8S activates CART positive neurons of the paraventricular nucleus in rats. Peptides. 2010 Jun;31(6):1118-23

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PMID: 20307613

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