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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of the Dehydration Risk Appraisal Checklist (DRAC) to measure dehydration risk in nursing home (NH) residents. The DRAC includes items concerning health conditions, medications, fluid intake behaviors, and laboratory abnormalities that have been identified in the literature as risk factors for dehydration. Principal component factor analysis, known group comparisons, and multiple logistic regression were used to evaluate the criterion-related validity and reliability of the DRAC. After reducing the number of items on the DRAC on the basis of a correlation matrix, a single-factor solution with moderate internal consistency was supported. Further validity analysis demonstrated that NH residents with higher urine-specific gravity scored higher than those who had lower specific gravity. The psychometric properties of the DRAC indicate that it has potential in determining dehydration risk in NH residents. Future refinement of the instrument is also discussed. Copyright 2011, SLACK Incorporated.


Janet C Mentes, Jeng Wang. Measuring risk for dehydration in nursing home residents: evaluation of the dehydration risk appraisal checklist. Research in gerontological nursing. 2011 Apr;4(2):148-56

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PMID: 20509595

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