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The composition of the essential oil from the fresh and dried pulp of the fruit of Argania spinosa (Skeels) L. has been studied. Camphor was the major component in both oil types, but in addition, the fresh fruit oil had significant amounts of 1,8-cineole, endo-borneol, and 2-(4-methylcyclohex-3-enyl)-propan-2-ol., and the dried pulp oil 3,5-dimethyl-4-ethylidene-cyclohex-2-ene-1-one, 1,8-cineole, and 2-methylbutanoic acid. The presence of camphor and 1,8-cineole in argan fruit essential oil suggests that it could be used locally as an insect repellent, offering an output for argan fruit pulp that is at present a waste product.


Hicham Harhar, Said Gharby, Mohamed Ghanmi, Hanae El Monfalouti, Dominique Guillaume, Zoubida Charrouf. Composition of the essential oil of Argania spinosa (Sapotaceae) fruit pulp. Natural product communications. 2010 Jun;5(6):935-6

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PMID: 20614829

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