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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease of articular cartilage. Etiologically, it is classified as primary (idiopathic) and secondary forms. Primary OA is a polygenic disease based on genetic and environmental factors. Identification of its genetic factor, i.e., the susceptibility genes is rapidly in progress. Skeletal dysplasia, inherent failure of formation and/or development of the skeleton, is the frequent cause of secondary OA. Many diseases that belong to skeletal dysplasia, in particular, those which have epiphyseal dysplasia frequently associate OA. Recently, identification of disease genes for skeletal dysplasias is also rapidly in progress. In this paper, I review recent advance in the study of OA susceptibility genes with focus on the relation to disease genes for skeletal dysplasia.

Citation

Shiro Ikegawa. Genetic basis for skeletal disease. Genetic factors of osteoarthritis with particular reference to skeletal dysplasia]. Clinical calcium. 2010 Aug;20(8):1166-73

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PMID: 20675926

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