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    We previously demonstrated that Saccharomyces cerevisiae vnx1Δ mutant strains displayed an almost total loss of Na(+) and K(+)/H(+) antiporter activity in a vacuole-enriched fraction. However, using different in vitro transport conditions, we were able to reveal additional K(+)/H(+) antiporter activity. By disrupting genes encoding transporters potentially involved in the vnx1 mutant strain, we determined that Vcx1p is responsible for this activity. This result was further confirmed by complementation of the vnx1Δvcx1Δ nhx1Δ triple mutant with Vcx1p and its inactivated mutant Vcx1p-H303A. Like the Ca(2+)/H(+) antiporter activity catalyzed by Vcx1p, the K(+)/H(+) antiporter activity was strongly inhibited by Cd(2+) and to a lesser extend by Zn(2+). Unlike as previously observed for NHX1 or VNX1, VCX1 overexpression only marginally improved the growth of yeast strain AXT3 in the presence of high concentrations of K(+) and had no effect on hygromycin sensitivity. Subcellular localization showed that Vcx1p and Vnx1p are targeted to the vacuolar membrane, whereas Nhx1p is targeted to prevacuoles. The relative importance of Nhx1p, Vnx1p, and Vcx1p in the vacuolar accumulation of monovalent cations will be discussed.

    Citation

    Olivier Cagnac, Maria Nieves Aranda-Sicilia, Marina Leterrier, Maria-Pilar Rodriguez-Rosales, Kees Venema. Vacuolar cation/H+ antiporters of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2010 Oct 29;285(44):33914-22

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    PMID: 20709757

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