Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

The study of the functional expression of glutamate signaling molecules in peripheral tissues has received relatively little attention. However, evidence is increasing for a role of glutamate as an extracellular signal mediator in endocrine systems, in addition to having an excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter role in the CNS. Chromaffin cells are good models of catecholaminergic neurons, in which previous work from our group demonstrated the existence of both functional glutamate receptors and specific exocytotic and nonexocytotic glutamate release. In this work, the presence of specific plasma membrane (EAATs) and vesicular glutamate (VGLUTs) transporters has been investigated by using confocal microscopy, flow cytometric analysis, Western blot, and qRT-PCR techniques. We found specific expression of EAAT3, EAAT2, VGLUT1, and VGLUT3 in about 95%, 65%, 55%, and 25%, respectively, of the whole chromaffin cell population. However, chromaffin cells do not express VGLUT2 and have a very low expression of EAAT1. VGLUTs are localized mainly in the membrane fraction, and EAATs share their subcellular location between membrane and cytosolic fractions. Their estimated molecular weights were about 70 kDa for EAAT2, about 65 kDa for EAAT3, about 50 kDa for VGLUT1, and about 60 kDa for VGLUT3. RT-qPCR techniques confirm the expression of these glutamate transporters at the mRNA level and show a different regulation by cytokines and glucocorticoids between VGLUT1 and -3 and EAAT2 and -3 subfamilies. These interesting results support the participation of these glutamate transporters in the process of glutamate release in chromaffin cells and in the regulation of their neurosecretory function in adrenal medulla. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.


A M Oliván, R Pérez-Rodríguez, C Roncero, C Arce, M P González, M J Oset-Gasque. Plasma membrane and vesicular glutamate transporter expression in chromaffin cells of bovine adrenal medulla. Journal of neuroscience research. 2011 Jan;89(1):44-57

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 21046565

View Full Text